Abstract: Trade in services is becoming the focus of global economic . Join the WTO, China’s service trade to obtain a certain amount of , but there are still some questions. Only to formulate effective measures, in order to promote China’s service trade .
Keywords: trade in services; the status quo;
Since the end of the last century, global economic , the focus is shifted from trade in services trade in goods, services developed as a measure of the extent of an important indicator of the level of . At present, our country has entered a well-off society in the stage, we must develop the service industry, and put the service sector wider to the outside world as the field of our country wider in , into the essential elements of economic .
First, China’s service trade of the status quo
In recent years, China’s service industry achieve a sustained, steady and healthy , of the service sector has promoted the growth of trade in services. 1989 China’s total import and export volume of trade in services at all over the world No. 30, 2000 rose to No. 12. However, because of the low starting point of China’s service trade, bad , compared with developed countries there is still a big gap, mainly reflected in:
1, the overall level of trade in services bad
Less than the total services sector, our country, the low in the national economy. Service in 2001 the added value of 3.2254 trillion yuan in China, the of GDP accounted for 33.6%. And middle-income countries 46% -56%, high-income countries compared to 59% -65%, have a big gap. The service industry so that our country lagging behind the of trade in services has been greatly . China’s service trade in 2002 amounted to 66 billion U.S. dollars, for the total global trade in services of 2.3%. During the same period, the total United States trade in services accounted for 16.5% of the world, our country are many of the 7 times. Overall, with the exception of a small number of tourism industry, the majority of services in the area of trade deficit status. Join the WTO, Services trade deficit may have further expanded.
2, the internal structure of trade in services
1995-2002, China’s total exports of services, travel services have been at the top, which rose from 27.6 percent rise to 36.5 percent: the of financial services has been at 19%; transport services, the has declined by 27.1% reduced to 19%. By -based emerging service sector is the obvious of such in 1995 in the service share of imports for 22.9 percent, increase in 2001 to 52.4 percent, trade in services is to enable our country deficit important factor.
3, trade in services lag
Because of the service sector is composed of many related , composed of industry groups, trade in services involving a wide range of , the community requires a State to carry out their domestic services sector overall and . At present, China’s foreign trade in services system there are many defects, such as central and local in the service of foreign trade policies and must also exist in the service industry multi-, and even each other out door many on the problem has not solved, service industry are not , industry-standard and so there is not much in line with practice.
4, trade in services
A long time, China’s service trade was seriously lagging behind, although in recent years the “Law on Banks”, “Insurance Law”, “maritime law” and so on, but with a wide range of of trade in services and trade in services compared to the of the there is still much less than . At present, our country still do not have a general law about the service industry, the existing of the main functions for the ‘s and internal documents, not only a lower level , and lack of , thus affecting China’s service trade , and .
Two, our country’s accession to WTO on the impact of trade in services
China’s accession to the WTO, the services market will be on the original to further expand opening to the outside world, which would trade in services, the of our country have a profound impact.
1, the services market to further the process of
, open markets are key to the of trade in services. Join the WTO, some of the service sector market access, will not only control by the relevant mainland , but to implement my ‘s to the WTO, which will help to break the domestic monopoly in some sectors is conducive to domestic industry study of foreign advanced , improve their quality of service and level of our country to further promote of the service sector and enhance .
2, there is conducive to improving our country’s
is not reflected in the road, , power supply, and so the hardware is good or bad, more and more and more reflected in the financial, , services and other services, complete with quality. Our country backward on the service sector in general, and the of services behind, this is exactly what foreign investors see an important reason for China’s market. The service sector’s external opening trip will attract more foreign to enter our country the service sector, which will promote the services sector, in producer services are the rapid of our country to improve the soft for and thus stimulate the of the domestic economy as a whole.
3, there is conducive to the of a new type of service
Services sector, our country backward, to a large extent reflected in the kind of services, lack of varieties, many services required to fill the “gaps.” World Trade at the division of 143 , the of our country’s tax service, poll services, credit inquiries, etc., basically in a blank status. In many , the specific service areas, service varieties also gaps exist. Services market and the entry of foreign capital will be at a extent on our country to make up for the service sector in the of gaps to meet the domestic economic and people’s needs.
4, there is benefit in a more deeper level to in the of the world economy
At the trend of economic under the impetus of the global services sector is also brewing in the world . Join the WTO, there is to our country by developed countries to transfer to overseas labor-intensive, capital-intensive service industry machines, attract foreign , improve the internal structure of our country the service sector; is also conducive to China’s service providers to enter the market, the “going out “strategy, expansion of service trade exports.
Three, and enhance the of China’s service trade of the main measures
1, optimize the structure of the service sector
develop modern service industry, focus on the of , , , legal and other , improve the overall level of the service sector Driven. Active of new services, such as real estate, property , tourism, education and training, culture, sports and so on, forming a new economic growth point. The and of , the use of modern and services, focusing on the flow of commerce, , catering and other , improve the level and .
2, the of the service sector market access
Changes in operating a monopoly in some sectors serious too market access , according to market the main quality and service standards, and gradually form an open and manner, norms of the market access system. system of monopoly to speed up reforms in some sectors to relax market access for the to encourage non-state-owned economy in the wider area of in of the service industry. Market access but also the reform of and approval system, reduce and approval projects.
3, multi-channel input to increase the service sector
Central and local at all levels, should be a certain amount of as a guide to speed up the of the service sector funds, mainly for the country to encourage the service sector projects or grant discounts to attract more funds and bank credit society inputs. Banks should审贷at the basis of an positive to meet the loan of the service sector and their project loans. Services sector to encourage qualified to enter the capital market for financing.
4, to and of the service industry
Further changes in the concept of unity of thinking, enhance , to give the service industry and , industry as important as location. at all levels should earnestly perform their duties, in order to speed up the of the service sector to create a good . and of normative acts and services market, the main order of the market laws and , the industry’s by providing legal .
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